The Agricultural Science programs are designed to develop skills and explore career areas in agriculture and allied fields. The instructional program includes topics in animal, plant, environmental, soil, food sciences, horticulture, landscaping and agricultural engineering. Students will acquire skills necessary to meet their individual career objectives, occupational skills for gainful employment and leadership abilities to work effectively in groups and as a team. Additionally, the programs provide for research and supervised work experience to enhance the needs and interests of each student.
The Department will significantly contribute to overall agricultural research by improving its research infrastructure with an eye to becoming one of the top agricultural scientific and technological institutions in India, further, the department is seeking to establish further international collaborations and large-scale cooperation in agricultural research in an effort to accelerate the pace of innovation and make significant contributions to eliminating poverty and hunger in the global scenario.
Agriculture is the oldest and largest industry of the world. It has been providing the materials required to meet the basic needs of mankind- food, clothing and shelter.
The Structural change from agriculture to industry is widely associated with the First Industrial Revolution, in the United Kingdom. The spinning jenny is a multi-spindle spinning frame and is one of the key developments in the industrialization of weaving during the early Industrial Revolution being invented in 1764 by James Hargreaves in Lancashire, England. The Industrial Revolution, the transition to new manufacturing processes in Europe and USA dates back from 1760 to1840. The transition includes shifting from hand production to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, use of steam and water power, development of machine tools and mechanized factory system.
The Second Industrial Revolution coming about 100 years later includes division of labour, mass production and electricity as its hallmarks. The Third Industrial Revolution is the one that gives us the ability to play on our smart phone to harness the powers of digitization.
Industry 4.0 or the Fourth Industrial Revolution brings tremendous opportunities to leapfrog many stages of development, hastening its journey towards becoming a developed economy. The technologies being used in India will be the same as those in use in the developed world. The Robots, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Big Data, Blockchain are all technologies transforming industry in the West and are ready to do the same in India for its agriculture as well as industry.
Agriculture and industry are the two sides of a coin. The countries with equal emphasis on agriculture and industry are the most developed in the world. While countries with priority to either industry or agriculture are called developing nations and the ones neglecting both are treated as undeveloped countries.
The use of data analytics is opening up efficiencies in sectors like agriculture that did not exist earlier. Some of the food processing companies, for instance, is allowing thousands of traders to be part of the system by using mobile-based pricing data. The entire value chain from farm to fork can provide livelihood to hundreds of thousands of people who may not have formal skills but are ready to share their understanding with the help of mobile connectivity.
Students joining in Agricultural Engineering have a large scope of developing Indian Agriculture as well as industry through devotion and dedication,Prof Satyananda Swain,Ph.D.